Archetypes are those extreme values of a data set that can jointly represent all other data points. They often have descriptive meanings and can thus contribute to the understanding of the data. Such archetypes are identified using archetypal analysis and all data points are represented as convex combinations thereof. In this work, archetypal analysis is linked with quantum annealing. For both steps, i.e. the determination of archetypes and the assignment of data points, we derive a QUBO formulation which is solved on D-Wave’s 2000Q Quantum Annealer. For selected data sets, called toy and iris, our quantum annealing-based approach can achieve similar results to the original R-package archetypes.